Where to Buy Our Fruit Trees, Vines and BerriesAlthough Four Winds fruit trees, vines and berries cannot be purchased online (coming soon!), they are available from your local California nurseries and garden centers.
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Nearly all varieties of avocado trees can be successfully grown throughout California in areas with mild winters. In parts of California that are susceptible to freezing temperatures, it is important to select one of the more cold hardy avocado varieties for the best results.
All avocado trees need to be protected from heavy frosts and strong winds. They prefer to be planted in sunny locations with well drained soil. Most avocado trees can reach a height of 25'+ feet when fully grown. Selecting the proper location to plant your avocado tree is important for successful growing.
Note: Mexican type avocados need to be eaten fairly soon after harvest, while Guatemalan varieties can be stored for a month if refrigerated.
Most Cold Hardy Avocados
Dwarf Avocado Varieties
Patented Avocado Varieties
Choose the right variety for your climate. Hass and Pinkerton, for example, will not survive freezing temperatures without frost protection.
In California, avocado trees can be considered self-fruitful. They will produce more fruit if you have an A and a B tree, but you will still get fruit if there is just one, if it survives the winter.
Type A or Type B Avocados
Type A and Type B actually refers to the life cycle of avocado flowers. In fact, all avocado flowers are both male and female at various points in their daily flowering, making it possible for avocado trees grown in areas with mild climates to be fruitful without the help of another tree acting as a pollinator.
In the tropics, Type A varieties have flowers that open as females on the first morning and close that afternoon. The next afternoon the flowers open again but this time they are male. They shed pollen for a few hours and then the flower closes again, this time for good. Type B varieties open as females in the afternoon of the first day before closing and then reopen the next morning as males.
Avocados require well drained soil and will not thrive in heavy clay soils for long. If you do have heavy clay soils, we recommend planting your avocado tree in a raised bed. The raised bed should be at least two feet above the existing grade of the soil. It is also very important not to plant avocado trees too deeply. We recommend planting them at least l"-2" inches above the existing soil grade and then creating a small mound around the base with a mixture of compost and well drained soil.
Avocado trees should be planted in sunny locations that are protected from wind. Avocado trees are susceptible to root rot so you should not plant a new avocado tree in a space where an old tree had died as the soil may be contaminated.
If you want to mix more than one type of avocado tree together in a back yard setting, it is possible to plant more than one tree in the same hole or plant the trees together with as little as 4 feet of space between the trunks. But remember, avocado trees can grow up to 25' if not shaped, so select variety planting site carefully.
Avocados in containers do need consistent frequent watering.
Frequent pinching of young trees is a good method to shape the tree, rather than heavy pruning. Avocado trees can be susceptible to sunburn so newly pruned trees and young trees can be whitewashed with interior white latex paint, diluted 50-50 with water during periods of high summer heat and intense sunshine.