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Where to Buy Our Fruit Trees, Vines and Berries

Currently you can purchase blueberries and some selected deciduous fruit trees in small sizes on our Other Edibles Page.  A much larger selection of trees, vines and berries are available from nurseries and garden centers in Northern California.

Keep up the Good Work!

“I ordered a 2 year old Variegated Pink Lemon and Seville Sour Orange. They arrived yesterday in perfect condition. I have never had a citrus plant I ordered arrive with such vigorous growth, yet be so carefully packed. Keep up the good work!”

Jason
Georgia

Avocado

Nearly all varieties of avocado trees can be successfully grown throughout California in areas with mild winters. In parts of California that are susceptible to freezing temperatures, it is important to select one of the more cold hardy avocado varieties for the best results.

All avocado trees need to be protected from heavy frosts and strong winds. They prefer to be planted in sunny locations with well drained soil. Most avocado trees can reach a height of 25'+ feet when fully grown. Selecting the proper location to plant your avocado tree is important for successful growing.

Note: Mexican type avocados need to be eaten fairly soon after harvest, while Guatemalan varieties can be stored for a month if refrigerated.

Hass

Largest commercially produced variety with excellent flavor and oil content. Green fruit turns black when ripe, with its recognizable pebbly skin. Fruit size 10-12 oz. Ripens April – September, an extremely long season. Large tree, frost sensitive below 32*F .(Mexican Type A)

Bacon

Popular variety in most areas of low winter temperature. Hardy to 28 * F. Tasty green fruit with medium thin skin. Medium upright tree. Fruit size 10-12 oz. Ripens December - January. (Type B)

Fuerte

Excellent fruit quality. Green fruit, medium-thin skin. Large spreading tree. Does not produce well near the coast. Fruit size 10-12 oz. Ripens December -May. Frost tolerant to 30*F. (Type B)

Pinkerton

Heavy, early producer near coast and inland. Green fruit, medium pebbly skin. Great Flavor. Fruit size 14-16 oz. Ripens November -April. Medium spreading tree, Hardy to 30* F (Type A)

Most Cold Hardy Avocados

Mexicola

High quality fruit with thin, shiny black skin. Fruit Size 4-8 oz. Ripens August to October. Cold Hardy to 18 *F (Mexican Type A)

Stewart

A compact Mexicola type avocado. Black when ripe, thin skin fruit. Fruit size 4-8 oz. Ripens August - October. Cold Hardy to 18 *F! (Mexican Type A)

Zutano

Good variety in relatively low temperatures. Green fruit, medium-thin skin. Upright tree. Fruit size 10-12 oz. Ripens November - January. Used as a pollinator for Hass in orchard settings. (Type B) cold hard to 26* F.

Dwarf Avocado Varieties

WURTZ (also known as Wertz, Little Cado)

Makes a great backyard tree. Height 8-12 feet. Produces good tasting, green skinned fruit with medium-thin skin. Fruit Size 8-14 oz. Ripens May-September. (A or B Type)

Holiday

Guatemalan type bears excellent flavor, pear shaped, 18-24 oz green fruit which hold the tree very well. It is a smaller tree than Wurtz. It was named Holiday because the fruit ripens between Labor Day and New Year's Day.

New Varieties

Jim Bacon

Bacon type with flavorful green skinned fruit with smooth and creamy flesh. Good production on an attractive, upright tree. Trees are slightly more frost resistant than Bacon to 27*F.

Ettinger

Similar to Fuerte, with smooth, thin green skin and pale green flesh, 10-20 oz. It is an important variety in Israel. It has an upright habit with little spreading. (Mexican Type B)

Queen

A Guatemalan type which ripens in August. Fruit is 16-22 oz with purple toned thin skin. Hardy to 30*F. Tree grows large and spreading.

Walter Hole

Purple-black smooth skin when ripe, 3 to 5 oz with high oil content. This ripens in September and October. (Mexican Type B)

Patented Avocado Varieties

LAMB-HASS (Patented Variety)

"Hass-like" Cultivar with black skinned fruit. An excellent new addition! Lamb-Hass is a cross between the traditional Hass and a Gwen (Dwarf) Avocado. Lamb-Hass is a precocious, high yielding, late season avocado with good quality fruit. The tree is upright and compact. Fruit Size- 10-16 oz. Ripens April- November. Longer season than traditional Hass! (Type A)

SIR PRIZE (Patented Variety)

Another Hass type with black skin 10-20 oz. Ripens before Hass in the winter. Fruit does not oxidize when cut or kept refrigerated. An upright tree with similar cold hardiness to Hass. (Type A)

GEM (Patented Variety)

Black skinned when ripe, produces 7 to 11 oz fruit with excellent flavor. The harvest season is similar to Hass, but with slower oxidation. (Guatemalan Type A)

Avocado Care

Selection

Choose the right variety for your climate.  Hass and Pinkerton, for example, will not survive freezing temperatures without frost protection.

In California, avocado trees can be considered self-fruitful.  They will produce more fruit if you have an A and a B tree, but you will still get fruit if there is just one, if it survives the winter.

Type A or Type B Avocados
Avocado varieties are identified as being either Type A or Type B. It is a common misconception that these types refer to male and female plant types that must be planted together for successful pollination.

Type A and Type B actually refers to the life cycle of avocado flowers. In fact, all avocado flowers are both male and female at various points in their daily flowering, making it possible for avocado trees grown in areas with mild climates to be fruitful without the help of another tree acting as a pollinator.

In the tropics, Type A varieties have flowers that open as females on the first morning and close that afternoon. The next afternoon the flowers open again but this time they are male. They shed pollen for a few hours and then the flower closes again, this time for good. Type B varieties open as females in the afternoon of the first day before closing and then reopen the next morning as males.

Planting

Avocados require well drained soil and will not thrive in heavy clay soils for long. If you do have heavy clay soils, we recommend planting your avocado tree in a raised bed. The raised bed should be at least two feet above the existing grade of the soil. It is also very important not to plant avocado trees too deeply. We recommend planting them at least l"-2" inches above the existing soil grade and then creating a small mound around the base with a mixture of compost and well drained soil.

Avocado trees should be planted in sunny locations that are protected from wind. Avocado trees are susceptible to root rot so you should not plant a new avocado tree in a space where an old tree had died as the soil may be contaminated.

If you want to mix more than one type of avocado tree together in a back yard setting, it is possible to plant more than one tree in the same hole or plant the trees together with as little as 4 feet of space between the trunks. But remember, avocado trees can grow up to 25' if not shaped, so select variety planting site carefully.

Watering
Do not overwater avocado trees! Over watering trees in the ground  in certain soils is often the number one factor in causing root rot. Avocados prefer infrequent deep root watering. It is best to allow trees to dry out before you apply water again.  

Avocados in containers do need consistent frequent watering.

Mulching
It is a good idea to apply a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch to avocado trees each year to help retain soil moisture and improve soil quality. Apply mulch in spring and fall under the canopy of the tree, keep it away from the trunk of the tree.

Pruning
Avocados should only be minimally pruned in order to shape and control size.

Frequent pinching of young trees is a good method to shape the tree, rather than heavy pruning. Avocado trees can be susceptible to sunburn so newly pruned trees and young trees can be whitewashed with interior white latex paint, diluted 50-50 with water during periods of high summer heat and intense sunshine.

Fertilizing
Avocado trees should be fed on a regular basis. Fertilize using well balanced citrus / avocado food using the manufacturer’s recommendations.  Avocado trees that have been well feed year-round are better able to deal with cold temperatures in the winter.

In California, avocado trees can be considered self-fruitful.