Here is a simple guide on how to care for fig trees in the summer. Figs are one of the easiest fruit trees to care for. They develop new leaves and fruit in the spring, grow throughout the summer, and harvested at the end of the summer and early fall. In the winter, the trees go dormant and drop all of their leaves, only to start all over again in the spring.
Fig trees do require more attention in the summer heat while it is developing fruit. Here are some tips to help you care for your fig trees during the hot summer months:
Sun exposure: Fig trees thrive in full sun, so ensure they receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day. Adequate sunlight is crucial for fruit development.
Watering: Fig trees require regular watering, especially during hot summer months. Water deeply, ensuring the soil is consistently moist but not waterlogged. If you grow your figs in containers, you may have to water more often because the soil will dry out quicker in hot weather.
Fertilization: Figs are generally low-maintenance when it comes to fertilization. However, providing a balanced fertilizer at the beginning of the summer can be beneficial. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging.
Pruning: You can remove any dead, diseased, or damaged branches during the summer, but it’s best to prune in the early spring before your tree has started to set new leaves. It can help improve air circulation and reduce the risk of fungal diseases. Avoid heavy pruning during the summer to prevent excessive stress on the tree.
Pests and diseases: Keep an eye out for common fig tree pests like aphids, scale insects, and spider mites. Regularly inspect the leaves and branches, and if you notice any pests, treat them with appropriate insecticidal soaps or horticultural oils. Additionally, monitor for signs of diseases such as rust, leaf spot, or powdery mildew.
Fruit thinning: If your fig tree produces an abundance of fruit, consider thinning them out during the summer. Removing excess fruit allows the remaining figs to grow larger and improves the overall quality of the harvest.
Harvesting: As summer progresses, figs will ripen. Harvest the ripe figs gently to avoid damaging the fruit. Fig fruits should be picked when they are fully ripe but still firm. Ripe figs will have a slight give when gently squeezed and a rich color. Harvest them regularly to ensure the tree continues to produce new fruits.